The Friesian breed originates from the Dutch region of Frisia. From its origins, the exterior aesthetics of these bovines have always been harmonious and vigorous, with good transverse diameters and an excellent abdominal capacity. They have a wild and nervous temperament. One of the characteristics of this breed is their black and white spotting. The Friesian cow is especially breed for milk production.
The Chianina is one of the oldest and most important Italian bovine breeds and gets its name from the area where it was first bred: Valdichiana. Some speculations about its origin say that the breed is native to this area, or at least has been there since as long as anyone can remember.
The Chianina has been known and appreciated since ancient times, from Etruscans and Romans.
The Maremmana bovine breed seems to have settled in Italy from Eastern Europe steppes in the 5th century, with the invasion of the barbarians. They were then crossbred with the local livestock, which created various breeds, one of which allocated in Maremma. The Maremmana cow has strong rustic characteristics, one of them being the ability to graze on arid land in any season, by taking advantage of food that other breeds are not able to eat, making them extremely economic to maintain. The Maremmana is also very resistant against droughts, predators and parasites. The main characteristic of the Maremmana is their long horns, which can measure up to 1 meter in length.

At Poggiovalle, about 200 Chianina and Maremmana cows, graze in the 350 hectares of meadows and grass during the spring and summer months. Calves are then born from natural insemination, which is guaranteed by introducing 10 bulls into groups of females. During winter months, the big stable that is about 300 meters long and 90 meters wide houses all of the livestock.
Male calves and females that cannot be used as milk cows, are separated at 8-9 months of age and fattened up until about 20-22 months. Once butchered, the meat is sold under the IGP VITELLONE BIANCO DELL’ITALIA CENTRALE (Italian white veal) brand
The livestock is raised on farm hay and corn, under the strict industry supply chain controls.